The chemical composition of bamboo fiber is mainly cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. All three belong to high-polysaccharides, accounting for more than 90% of the total fiber dry weight, followed by protein, fat, pectin, tannin, pigment, Ashes, etc., are mostly present in the cell’s lumen or special organelles and directly or indirectly participate in their physiological role.
Cellulose is the main component of bamboo fibroblasts, and it is also the significance of it as a textile fiber. Due to different ages of bamboo, its cellulose content is also different, such as 75% of young bamboo shoots, 66% of 1-year-olds, and 58% of 3-year-olds. The content of hemicellulose in bamboo fiber is generally 14% to 25%, and the average content of bamboo is approximately 22.7%. As the age of bamboo increases, its content also decreases. For example, 24.9% of bamboo grows for 2 years. 4 years old 23.6%.